Case studies




Rural case study: Tuscany, Italy

Landuse map


Tuscany is an extremely rural area, with a landscape that has high economic value for culture, heritage, agriculture and tourism.  The rural economy is heavily dependent on agriculture which is particularly sensitive to climate change. Rural tourism has increased exponentially over the last 15 years in Tuscany, so that now it represents the main income for many farmers. The expected changes in temperature and precipitation may have negative effects such as increasing management costs (water supply, electricity for air conditioning, etc.) and reducing the production of traditional local crops and livestock.



Tuscany information sheets:

Tuscany case-study indicators


Typical landscape of Tuscany (source DISAT-Unifi)Typical Tuscany landscape








Leading team

This research is coordinated by Marco Bindi, Instituto di Biometeorologia, CNR-IBIMET, Italy.