my main interest lies in the development of climate
data-sets for use by researchers investigating the impacts of climate change.
This interest has brought me involvement with a wide variety of impacts researchers
around the world, some of whom I am actively engaged with on particular projects.
interests are worth mentioning.
- The continual development of computing technologies is making possible new
ways of doing science. I am interested in bringing such technologies into
science in innovative ways. For an example, see the softIAM project.
This interest has led to my being given the responsibility to consider how
computing technologies might be deployed in the scientific work of the Tyndall
- As a Christian (see what I believe),
I have particular views on how to address climate change. At present, this
interest has found best expression in popular articles (see
routinely produced by climatologists for their own use are usually unsuitable
for immediate use in impacts research. However, impacts researchers themselves
rarely have the expertise or the time to obtain the raw data-sets and manipulate
them. Moreover, the lack of standardised climate data-sets causes problems when
reviewers attempt to assess the results obtained by a number of different researchers.
therefore, a need for standard climate data-sets for researchers to use. These
data-sets must be accurate, versatile, comprehensible, comprehensive, and accessible.
A considerable amount of expert knowledge is required to develop such data-sets,
and the techniques that optimise their use. For example, among the elements
observed data from the past, and modelled data for the future;
data (points, irregular), gridded data (areas, regular), and regional data
- a wide
variety of climatological variables;
- time scales varying
from an instant (e.g. an observed wind speed) to many centuries (e.g. stabilisation
of global temperature)
of interest affords considerable scope for both original research (see Papers),
and the development of practical solutions to researchers' problems. Some of
the data-sets that I have developed may be found under Data.
I have been engaged
with a number of projects in recent years:
is a Tyndall Centre project (2002-) to begin to develop the computing infrastructure
(particularly the software) that is necessary to realise the Tyndall vision
of an integrated assessment model (IAM). The Tyndall vision includes the adoption
of modules from a wide variety of institutions, inside and outside of Tyndall,
and the use of the IAM by the module owners. Therefore the model itself must
be capable of distribution over the internet, using Grid technologies. My
involvement is to bring together the computing and scientific aspects of the
project. See the softIAM project page for more information.
- A Tyndall Centre
project (2002-) led by Nigel Arnell is attempting to interface climate
and impacts models in integrated assessment systems. My contribution
will be to examine the possibility of extending the pattern scaling technique
to scenarios involving the stabilisation of climate change.
is an EU 5th Framework project (2000-) to examine the effects of climate and
land use change on ecosystem services and functions. My contribution is the
development of a comprehensive set of high-resolution (10') gridded climate
scenarios for Europe (see Data).
- The UK-CIP
2002 Climate Scenarios for the UK (2001-02) provide a state-of-the-art assessment
of past, present, and future climate for the UK. This assessment includes
high-resolution (5km) gridded climate scenarios for the UK (available from
- There is a co-operative
group on climate, health and ozone depletion (2000-), between the School
of Environmental Sciences at the University of East Anglia and the London
School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine. My role is as climate consultant
and data provider.